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Establishment and Competences

Giving the attention to the civil service affairs in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is not a recent practice. The foundations of such practice were laid down by King Abdulaziz, since the establishment of the Kingdom in 1927. The pioneer organizational step covered the general rules for organizing the public employees' affairs in a way that would suit the prevailing administrative position at that time.
This was followed by phases and multiple steps which commensurate with the period experienced by the civil service. In 1347 AH (1929), a central unit was created for the first time to follow-up and maintain public employees' affairs, and public service jobs were categorized into three levels as well. Consequently, a Record Officer position was created in the Public Prosecutor Bureau to keep records of public employees. This stage can be considered as the starting point for a certain phase concerned with public employees' affairs. Particularly, with the existence of the first central entity concerned with employees' affairs to registers their documents.
The public job records' central role continued via issuance of Government Employees' System in 1350AH (1932), which is the first actual civil service system in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia that includes principles and new rules unmentioned in previous directions.
In 1358 AH (1939), a centralized management of government employees' affairs became part under the Ministry of Finance by the name of (Bureau of Government Employees and Prescribed Returns). This was followed by a qualitative development in the affairs of public employees, with the issuance of the first system concerned with government employees in 1364AH (1945) called (General Personnel System). "Bureau of Government Employees and Annuities" was changed to "Employees Bureau and Retirement".
In 1373 AH (1953), the administrative status in the Kingdom witnessed a major shift prospected by the public service requirements in that period, as the Council of Ministers was established, one of the council's system provisions states that the (General Personnel System is responsible for monitoring the implementation of regulations and instructions related to personnel as a competent authority).
In the same year, the Personnel System was issued and appending the General Personnel Bureau with the Council of Ministers instead of the Ministry of Finance. In order to activate the role of the Bureau, the Council of Ministers issued a resolution in 1383 AH (1963) to develop the Bureau and, identify Bureau's general areas, upgrade the rank of the Bureau's head to the rank of minister and to be related directly to the Prime Minister. This was followed by the issuance of the Royal Decree in 1385 AH (1965) stating that the Bureau is responsible for supervising the public institutions and review their functional affairs.
The developmental stages of the Personnel Bureau continued until the Royal Decree No. (3221) dated 06/12/1389 AH (12/2/1970) was issued approving the Supreme Committee for Administrative Reform Resolution No. (16) dated 20/01/1389 AH (7/4/1969) related to the new organizational structure of the Bureau as a body responsible for supervising the affairs of civil service employees in all governmental entities.
Development movement of the civil service did not stop at this point. In 1397 AH (1977), a significant evolutionary leap took place after the issuance of the Royal Decree No. (M/48) dated 10/07/1397 AH (26/6/1977) approving the establishment of the "Civil Service Council," as an independent legislative body headed by the Prime Minister, and responsible for planning a general policy of the civil service and developing plans and programs necessary for their implementation, and issuing regulations related to the affairs of civil service employees. This was accompanied by modifying the name of the Bureau of Employees to the (General Bureau of Civil Service) as well as issuing another royal decree No. (49 M) approving a new system called (Civil Service System). This was followed by the issuance of the Council of Ministers' decision in 1398 AH (1978) approving the application of civil service system rules on most public institutions employees.
The Royal Decree No. (A/28) dated 01/03/1420 AH (14/6/1999) was issued approving the establishment of the Ministry of Civil Service to replace the General Bureau of Civil Service.
Former Ministers and Presidents
• Mr. Khalid Bin Abdullah Al-Araj
o Minister of Civil Service 2015-2017

• Dr. Abdulrahman Bin Abdullah Al-Barrak
o Minister of Civil Service 2011-2015

• Mr. Mohammed Bin Ali Al-Fayez
o Minister of Civil Service 1999-2011
o President of the General Bureau of Civil Service at the rank of Minister from 1996-2000.

• Mr. Turki Bin Khaled Al-Sudairi:
o President of the General Bureau of Civil Service at the rank of Minister 1977-1995.
• Dr. Abdulaziz Bin Abdullah Al-Khwaiter
o Acting Director of the General Personnel Bureau 1974-1977.
• Mr. Abdulaziz Bin Zaid Al-Quraishi
o Director of the General Personnel Bureau at the rank of Minister 1968-1974.
• Mr. Mohammad Murad
o General Director of the General Personnel Bureau, followed by Mr. Rashad Berzenji, and Mr. Mohammed Omar Zini 1957 -1986. 

• Mr. Ahmed Obaid
o General Director of Personnel and Pension Bureau, followed by Mr. Mohammed Baqir, and Mr. Abbas Zawawi, 1945 -1957.
• MR. Ali Amer
o Director of Officers and Annuities Bureau, followed by Mr. Ahmed Obaid 1942-1945.
The Ministry is responsible for overseeing the civil service affairs in all ministries, general public entities and concerned significant public bodies. It also recommends civil service systems and monitors their implementation, as well as conducting studies and research in some fields related to the civil service. In addition to developing the civil service and enhancing efficiency of its employees, setting rules and procedures for recruitment, classification, proposing jobs salaries, wages, allowances and bonuses. As well as participating in designing required jobs studies to ensure their compliance with rules of job classification. The Ministry also sets up rules and procedures for keeping government employees records, and cooperates with the personnel departments in governmental entities to reach the best ways of implementing personnel rules, regulations and decisions, in addition to inspecting staff complaints.
Last Update: 04/08/1440 09:23 ص
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